10 Ciri Ciri Rubella pada Ibu Hamil Paling Mudah Dikenali

4127

Rubella atau yang dikenal juga dengan campak jerman merupakan jenis penyakit akibat virus yang  berbahaya bila menginfeksi ibu hamil. Penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus Rubella ini bersifat mudah menular. Infeksi virus Rubella dapat ditularkan melalui kontak dekat yang biasanya berhubungan dengan cairan tubuh berbentuk lendir, seperti ingus dan ludah. Meskipun pada umumnya penderita hanya mengalami efek yang cukup ringan, namun Rubella pada ibu hamil akan menjadi sangat berbahaya. Hal ini dikarenakan virus rubella dapat mempengaruhi petumbuhan janin sehingga dapat menyebabkan berbagai macam kelainan seperti kelainan pendengaran, retardasi mental, kelainan mata dan kelainan lainnya. Bahkan menurut WHO, janin yang terinfeksi dapat mengalami kematian karena gagal jantung dan gangguan syaraf.

Baca Juga:

Kondisi imunitas ibu hamil yang kurang stabil, memberikan kesempatan kepada virus Rubella untuk bergerak dan menyerang janin. Berdasarkan penelitian dikatakan bahwa efek akibat infeksi Rubella pada ibu hamil sangat berbahaya bila menyerang kandungan pada usia kurang dari 10 minggu. Potensi infeksi yang diderita janin lebih dari 90 persen. Sementara untuk usia kandungan diatas 12 minggu, potensi janin terinfeksi hanya kurang dari 20 persen. oleh karena itu, sebagai bentuk waspada wajib hukumnya untuk mengetahui gejala dan ciri ciri Rubella pada ibu hamil sehingga dapat dengan cepat dikonsultasikan dan ditangani secara medis.

Ciri Rubella yang Menyerang Ibu Hamil

Berikut adalah 10 ciri ciri Rubella pada ibu hamil yang harus kalian ketahui:

1. Flu

Gejala Rubella yang pertama ini sebenarnya mirip dengan gejala flu biasa. Akan tetapi selain hidung tersumbat dan rentang waktu yang cukup lama, cairan hidung atau ingus yang yang relatif cair juga dapat dijadikan indikator untuk segera berkonsultasi dengan dokter. Tapi tenang saja, pada umumnya gejala flu ini terjadi berbarengan dengan gejala lainya. (baca juga : gejala flu, cara menghilangkan pilek, obat flu tradisional)

2. Sakit kepala

Sakit kepala biasanya selalu diremehkan sebagai sakit pendamping lelah ataupun flu karena pasokan oksigen ke otak yang kurang teratur. Namun berbeda bila yang menderita adalah ibu hamil karena dapat memicu hilangnya nafsu makan sehingga imunitas tubuh pun secara otomatis akan menurun. pada kasus Rubella, gejala sakit kepala dalam kurun waktu sekitar 10-14 hari beruntun merupakan indikasi positif terinfeksi. Indikasi tersebut diperkuat dengan munculnya gejala flu secara bersamaan. Apalagi bila sang ibu sudah merasa mudah kehilangan kesadaran. (Baca Juga: Terapi Menghilangkan Sakit Kepala , Makanan Penyebab Sakit Kepala)

3. Kulit ruam

Ciri infeksi Rubella yang paling mudah dikenali adalah munculnya ruam berbentuk bercak pada kulit. Dimulai dari sekitar kelenjar getah bening di sekitar telinga yang menjadi pusat serangan virus, dan akan menjalar ke wajah dan bagian tubuh lainnya. Ruam yang muncul mudah dibedakan karena bukan disebabkan oleh biang keringat ataupun gatal (karena bakteri). Tanpa dipicu oleh faktor-faktor tertentu, ruam dapat muncul secara tiba-tiba setelah 48-60 jam setelah terinfeksi, dan kemudian menyebar dengan kecepatan penyebaran kurang lebih 4 hari ke bagian tubuh lain. (artikel terkait : campak, perbedaan campak dan tampek, imunisasi campak)

4. Pembengkakan kelenjar getah bening

Gejala utama Rubella selain ruam adalah peradangan pada kelenjar getah bening di area leher tepat dibelakang bawah telinga. Peradangan telinga tersebut menyebabkan pembengkakan yang terlihat amat jelas yang diawali rasa ngilu pada bagian tersebut. Sebagian ahli berpendapat bahwa 2 gejala ringan yaitu flu dan sakit kepala merupakan efek yang muncul akibat proses peradangan ini. Jadi waspada dan segeralah periksakan diri apabila sudah mulai terasa perubahan pada area leher tersebut. (baca juga : cara mencegah kelenjar getah bening bengkak)

5. Mudah lelah dan nyeri sendi

Ciri selanjutnya setelah 2 gejala utama telah muncul adalah perubahan terhadap daya tahan dan fleksibilitas tubuh. Orang yang terinfeksi secara berangsur akan merasa mudah lelah dan lemas. kondisi ini dikarenakan efek kombinasi gejala-gejala yang telah muncul sebelumnya. Dampak lebih jauh dari turunya kondisi imunitas adalah nyeri sendi. akan tetapi, umumnya penderita yang sampai mengalami nyeri sendi adalah kalangan perempuan. (artikel terkait : kesehatan sendi, obat herbal radang sendi)

6. Demam

Demam merupakan gejala intermediet yang muncul dalam kasus Rubella. Karakter demam yang muncul mirip dengan demam pada umumnya. Hanya saja demam yang terjadi hanyalah demam ringan yang tidak melebihi suhu 39 derajat celcius. Perbedaan lainnya adalah demam akan berlangsung cukup lama, yaitu antara 4-7 hari. (baca juga : demam dangue, penyebab demam menggigil, demam berdarah)

7. Mual berlebihan

Bagi ibu hamil, mual merupakan suatu hal yang biasa. Hal tersebut wajar karena pengaruh perubahan metabolisme diusia kehamilan yang masih muda. Tapi bagaimana bila mual terjadi secara berlebihan ?. Mual yang biasa dapat dikurangi dengan meminum minuman hangat dan tidak berlangsung lebih dari 10 minggu awal usia kandungan. Apabila mual terasa berlebih dalam kurun waktu lebih lama, segeralah periksakan kondisi kesehatan karena bisa jadi hal itu merupakan efek gejala infeksi virus rubella. (Baca Juga: Penyebab Mual tapi Tidak Muntah

8. Iritasi mata

Sakit mata juga biasanya dikategorikan sebagai sakit yang biasa, dengan dasar gangguan debu dan polusi udara yang menyebabkan iritasi hingga kornea mata memerah. Meski demikian, tetap harus diwaspadai karena iritasi mata biasanya akan menimbulkan gangguan yang cukup merepotkan pada ibu hamil. Belum lagi, iritasi mata yang berlangsung 3 hari atau lebih juga bisa dikatakan sebagai indikasi infeksi Rubella.

9. Kulit kering

Pada penderita rubella, kulit kering kerap muncul sebagai gejala pendamping ruam atau bercak merah. Pada umumnya dampak ini muncul diarea badan. Meskipun bukan merupakan gejala utama, tetap perlu berhati hati agar tidak memberikan dampak lanjutan. (Baca Juga: Penyebab Kulit Bersisik)

10. Jari kaku

Gejala terakhir dari Rubella pada ibu hamil yang kita bahas adalah jemari kaku. Meskimasih berhubungan, apabila nyeri sendi umumnya diderita oleh perempuan, maka jari kaku ini dapat dirasakan oleh siapa saja termasuk anak anak. Efek ini tidak begitu saja muncul. Hanya terjadi apabila penderita berada dalam kondisi tengah mengalami 9 gejala yang telah disebutkan sebelumnya secara bersamaan. Oleh karena itu, gejala ini dapat menjadi indikasi bahwa kondisi penderita tarutama ibu hamil dalam keadaan terlemah sehingga perlu penanganan intensif. (artikel terkait : radang sendi jari, sakit sendi jari tangan)

Penyakit Rubella yang terjadi hanya satu kali seumur hidup ini tetap menjadi perhatian terutama bila menginfeksi ibu hamil karena bahayanya. Dampak yang timbul akibat dari rubella pada ibu hamil atau janin khususnya biasa disebut dengan Conginetal Rubella Syndrom (CRS). Janin yang terkena CRS akan dapat membawa virus aktif Rubella selama kurang lebih 1 tahun.

Oleh karena bahayanya Rubella pada ibu hamil, maka perlu dilakukan pencegahan sedini mungkin. Pencegahan dapat dilakukan dengan memeberikan vaksin Measles Mumps Rubella atau biasa dikenal dengan sebutan vaksin MMR. Apabila belum pernah mendapatkan vaksin tersebut, cek dulu riwayat kesehatan anda apakah pernah mengalami infeksi virus tersebut atau belum. Namun jika sudah pernah, maka tidak perlu diberikan vaksin. Hal ini karena sifat virus Rubella yang hanya dapat menyerang sekali seumur hidup karena hadangan sistem imun tubuhyang sudah mengantisipasi virus tersebut. Berbeda kasusnya bila anda sudah memasuki usia kandungan. Segeralah konsultasikan kepada dokter dan lakukan uji laboratorium untuk mengetahui potensi anda terinfeksi penyakit ini, dan jaga pola makan agar kondisi tubuh tetap fit dan imunitas tetap terjaga.

28 COMMENTS

  1. Hi. I have checked your halosehat.com and i see you’ve got some duplicate content so probably
    it is the reason that you don’t rank high in google.
    But you can fix this issue fast. There is a tool that
    rewrites content like human, just search in google: miftolo’s tools

  2. I enjoy you because of all of the work on this site. My aunt loves working on investigations and it is easy to see why. My spouse and i hear all about the powerful manner you give simple tips and hints through your website and in addition encourage participation from other people on that issue while our princess is in fact being taught a lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. Your carrying out a terrific job.

  3. I am only commenting to let you understand of the brilliant discovery my friend’s princess enjoyed studying your site. She learned a lot of pieces, which included what it is like to possess an excellent giving mindset to let many people quite simply master a variety of advanced subject areas. You actually surpassed her desires. Thank you for showing those helpful, trusted, explanatory and as well as fun tips about that topic to Ethel.

  4. I have to express some thanks to the writer for rescuing me from this crisis. Just after checking through the online world and getting things which were not productive, I thought my life was well over. Being alive without the presence of approaches to the problems you have resolved by way of your main write-up is a critical case, and the kind which might have adversely affected my entire career if I had not encountered the blog. Your main training and kindness in touching all the pieces was important. I don’t know what I would have done if I hadn’t come across such a subject like this. I can now look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot so much for the high quality and amazing guide. I won’t think twice to refer your web site to anyone who ought to have support on this matter.

  5. I wanted to send a quick remark to be able to say thanks to you for all of the precious advice you are giving out on this website. My incredibly long internet look up has finally been paid with excellent insight to write about with my co-workers. I ‘d repeat that many of us site visitors are definitely blessed to be in a remarkable website with so many special individuals with helpful strategies. I feel rather fortunate to have discovered your site and look forward to really more pleasurable times reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  6. Nice post. I study one thing more challenging on completely different blogs everyday. It should all the time be stimulating to read content from different writers and practice a little one thing from their store. I抎 want to use some with the content on my weblog whether you don抰 mind. Natually I抣l provide you with a link on your internet blog. Thanks for sharing.

  7. I wanted to send you this very small note to help say thanks the moment again regarding the unique thoughts you have discussed on this page. This has been so particularly open-handed with you to allow unreservedly exactly what some people could possibly have supplied as an ebook to make some bucks for themselves, primarily seeing that you could have tried it if you ever considered necessary. The techniques also acted to become a easy way to fully grasp some people have the identical dream just as mine to learn a whole lot more related to this condition. I’m sure there are a lot more pleasant periods up front for people who read through your website.

  8. Needed to post you the little bit of note to be able to give many thanks again with the beautiful views you have shared at this time. It’s certainly wonderfully open-handed with you to convey without restraint just what a lot of folks could possibly have distributed for an e book to end up making some cash on their own, primarily seeing that you might well have done it in the event you decided. These ideas likewise served to be a easy way to be sure that someone else have similar passion much like mine to find out a lot more around this problem. I think there are numerous more pleasurable opportunities in the future for many who start reading your blog.

  9. I am just commenting to let you know of the incredible discovery our princess went through studying your blog. She discovered a good number of things, with the inclusion of how it is like to possess an awesome teaching spirit to get other people effortlessly fully understand various very confusing topics. You undoubtedly surpassed my expectations. Thank you for presenting these essential, trusted, explanatory and even cool tips about your topic to Kate.

  10. Needed to write you one very little word so as to say thanks yet again for those awesome secrets you’ve discussed in this article. It was so surprisingly generous with you to present unhampered precisely what a few individuals might have made available as an e book to generate some cash for themselves, specifically considering the fact that you could possibly have tried it in the event you wanted. The principles likewise served as a great way to know that many people have the same desire much like my own to understand somewhat more related to this issue. I think there are lots of more enjoyable periods ahead for folks who looked over your blog post.

  11. I have to voice my affection for your kind-heartedness supporting individuals that have the need for guidance on this important subject. Your special commitment to getting the message up and down had become amazingly effective and have truly made girls much like me to realize their ambitions. Your own important publication implies a whole lot a person like me and somewhat more to my colleagues. Thanks a lot; from everyone of us.

  12. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive learn something like this before. So nice to search out anyone with some unique thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for starting this up. this website is one thing that’s wanted on the net, somebody with somewhat originality. useful job for bringing one thing new to the web!

  13. I definitely wanted to send a note to appreciate you for those nice suggestions you are posting on this website. My prolonged internet lookup has now been honored with awesome facts and techniques to exchange with my colleagues. I ‘d believe that many of us website visitors are definitely endowed to dwell in a good place with many outstanding people with very helpful ideas. I feel pretty privileged to have encountered the website page and look forward to plenty of more cool moments reading here. Thanks a lot once again for everything.

  14. I and also my friends came examining the best guides from your web page and so at once got an awful feeling I never expressed respect to you for those tips. My men are already as a result very interested to read them and already have absolutely been making the most of them. Appreciation for truly being simply helpful and then for picking out this form of incredibly good resources millions of individuals are really desperate to know about. Our sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  15. I have to convey my respect for your kind-heartedness giving support to those individuals that actually need help on this one area. Your real commitment to passing the solution up and down appears to be exceedingly beneficial and has all the time enabled many people much like me to arrive at their targets. Your own invaluable report implies much a person like me and extremely more to my office workers. Warm regards; from each one of us.

  16. My husband and i got absolutely lucky Edward managed to deal with his studies while using the precious recommendations he had from your site. It is now and again perplexing to just continually be freely giving helpful hints which often some others may have been selling. And we all discover we need the website owner to give thanks to for this. The type of explanations you have made, the straightforward blog menu, the relationships you will help to foster – it’s everything unbelievable, and it’s making our son and us consider that this subject is entertaining, and that’s highly fundamental. Thank you for all!

  17. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little bit analysis on this. And he the truth is purchased me breakfast as a result of I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If potential, as you change into expertise, would you mind updating your weblog with more details? It’s extremely useful for me. Huge thumb up for this weblog put up!

  18. Thank you for all your effort on this site. My mom takes pleasure in conducting investigations and it’s really easy to see why. Most of us notice all relating to the dynamic form you convey informative solutions through the website and even cause participation from some other people on this theme plus my daughter is now understanding a lot. Take pleasure in the rest of the new year. You are always carrying out a brilliant job.

  19. I not to mention my buddies appeared to be viewing the nice information and facts found on the blog and so the sudden I had a terrible suspicion I never thanked the website owner for those strategies. My people were happy to read them and have now clearly been loving them. I appreciate you for really being considerably thoughtful and also for picking varieties of excellent information most people are really desperate to know about. My sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  20. I’m also writing to make you know what a beneficial discovery my cousin’s princess found visiting your web page. She mastered a wide variety of issues, not to mention how it is like to have an awesome giving heart to make many more without problems know specific multifaceted matters. You undoubtedly surpassed my expected results. Many thanks for producing the informative, healthy, edifying and in addition fun thoughts on the topic to Sandra.

  21. Thank you a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily nice opportunity to check tips from this website. It is usually very lovely plus jam-packed with a lot of fun for me and my office friends to visit your web site not less than thrice in one week to see the latest guidance you have got. Of course, I am always impressed with your striking hints served by you. Some 1 areas on this page are unequivocally the most beneficial we have had.

  22. I as well as my pals were following the good techniques on your web page and so suddenly came up with a horrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those tips. Most of the boys appeared to be thrilled to see all of them and now have without a doubt been enjoying those things. Thank you for simply being quite accommodating and then for utilizing these kinds of perfect subject areas most people are really eager to understand about. My very own honest regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  23. There are some interesting deadlines in this article but I don抰 know if I see all of them center to heart. There is some validity however I will take maintain opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as properly

  24. I wish to express some thanks to you just for rescuing me from such a problem. After researching through the the web and finding notions which were not pleasant, I figured my entire life was gone. Existing minus the strategies to the difficulties you’ve resolved through your good write-up is a serious case, as well as those which could have adversely damaged my entire career if I had not come across your site. That mastery and kindness in controlling almost everything was very useful. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not come upon such a point like this. I am able to now look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for the impressive and result oriented guide. I will not hesitate to suggest your web page to anyone who will need guide about this area.

  25. I want to convey my respect for your kind-heartedness for persons who have the need for help on your area of interest. Your personal dedication to passing the solution across appeared to be rather helpful and has regularly helped workers like me to achieve their targets. This important key points indicates a whole lot a person like me and extremely more to my fellow workers. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  26. I am just commenting to let you know what a excellent encounter my wife’s daughter obtained going through your webblog. She came to find a good number of pieces, not to mention what it is like to have a marvelous helping mindset to let the rest completely completely grasp chosen extremely tough things. You truly did more than my expectations. Thanks for rendering the beneficial, healthy, informative and in addition unique tips about this topic to Tanya.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here